The Challenges

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The challenges of low carbon transition.

  • 85% of the primary energy consumed today is fossil by nature.
  • The stock of these fossil fuels requires more and more energy to be extracted, which contributes to making their access more uncertain in the future.
  • This dependence on fossil fuels therefore creates a strong risk of precariousness.
  • These fossil fuels are also the main responsible for the heating power of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) which contributes to disrupting the climate generating other risks (health, biodiversity, soil fertility, extreme climatic phenomena).
  • To mitigate the impacts of these risks and prepare for their consequences, urgent action is therefore needed.
  • Any business or territory organization must contribute to the overall effort to reduce this dependence.
  • Whether it is energy consumption for production, material supply, transport or management of IT equipment, waste management, each activity of an organization can be approached from the angle of its GHG emissions.
  • The carbon indicator is therefore a very good operational indicator
    • environmental and social performance
    • long-term economic viability
  • Carbon accounting makes it possible to realize the avenues for improving the performance of the company, from a transversal and systemic perspective.
  • It is about anticipating and managing the risks associated with the transition to the low-carbon world of tomorrow.
  • In the spirit of good governance, it is necessary to :
    • Reduce the impacts for the organization by initiating a transition plan with concrete actions as soon as possible.
    • Prepare for the consequences by making adaptations for the medium and long term.
  • The risks associated with the transition are systemic in nature and a transversal and structured approach facilitates the process.
" By sacrificing the essential for the urgent, one ends up forgetting the urgency of the essential "
Edgar Morin
La Méthode, Ethique (2004)

A complex transition

Complex comes from “complexus” in Latin, meaning which is woven together. The complexity is due to a large number of actors, elements working together and interfaces. Beyond a certain level of complexity, it is very hard to understand in a reasonable time the ins and outs of an action or a given aspect of a project in a complete way, without a dedicated technique or approach.

The activity of companies and communities is most often part of a broader network, with a large number of actors and whose action and development are not always under the control of the business.

This complexity improves the efficiency of the system thus formed, but in the same time, it can also make it more fragile.

Transition plans  require understanding with a large number of actors, energy  and material flows and interfaces. For example, an action taken in isolation may on the surface make a difference, but may be incompatible with other actions that are part of or outside the transition plan.

  • Unwinding the thread of carbon and energy linked to the organization’s activities is a good way to understand the complexity of the energy transition.
  • Systems Engineering techniques can help drive transition plans.
  • The concept of Systems of Systems in particular can help generate coherent strategies.

3 good reasons to act


  • Attract talents,
  • Federate employees around a strong issue,
  • Reduce cognitive dissonance among employees,
  • Thus increase the performance of the company.


  • Improve the operational performance of the organization,
  • Improve brand image and reputation,
  • De-risk your business model over time by adapting and improving your resilience,
  • Boost innovation.


  • By aligning GHG reduction targets with higher-level reduction scenarios, you significantly contribute to the collective action needed for the climate.

Contact-us for more information

We support you in the development of your Low Carbon Strategy and in the execution of your energy transition projects. 

We can intervene on site or remotely.